December 20, 2020
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Wildflowers abound in Shenandoah National Park, providing a beautiful and varied display throughout the growing season. Here’s my advice: Run–Do Not Walk– to your favorite wildflower location in Virginia! Gardening with Native Plants. You’ll find it flowering in August and September, but your timing will have to be right. The leaves are opposite and quite varied…, Trauvetteria carolinensis In late spring and early summer, look for Tassel Rue growing along the banks of mountain streams. The petals turn purple with age. Watch 10 minute video about Native plants for Pollinators! The number of white ray flowers per head is only 5 to 10. The tall spikes can grow 1 to 2 feet high over a basal rosette of shiny green leaves. What began as a class project blossomed into a feature-lenth video titled Spring Wildflowers of the Mid-Atlantic Region, which received a 1998 Telly Award for excellence in non-network productions. Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. The flowers give way to small berries later in the summer. amur honeysuckle, wildflower, plant, producer, james river park, richmond, virginia: amur honeysuckle, wildflower, plant, producer, james river park, richmond, virginia The program has been and continues to be, an asset to the Mountain State. When she grows up, she’ll be my new photography assistant, but for now, she just tags along and enjoys all the great smells in the…, LycopodiumÂ obscurum orÂ DendrolycopodiumÂ obscurum This is the last of three New Year’s posts about local varietiesÂ ofÂ clubmoss. The forest floor is totally covered in leaf litter by now, making it hard to find fall mushrooms, even if they are out there. This diminutive species is common in urban areas because it likes to grow in wood…, Aster… I have a limit as to how long I’ll try to key out difficult flowers, and I’ve hit mine with the fall asters! Indian pipes are found in rich, moist woods where there is a lot of leaf litter. The display begins in early Spring (late March) as the hepatica (Anemone amencana), and bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) push their way through the forest leaf litter.As the days continue to warm, purple and yellow violets flower (Viola spp. A hardy native plant, bluebells bloom in early spring, growing 1.5 to 2 feet tall and bearing abundant blue, bell-shaped flowers. On first glance, I thought it was âjust Phloxâ, which started to bloom in the woods near Blacksburg recently. If you listen, you can hear it. ReachingÂ justÂ 3 feet in height, NoddingÂ Bur MarigoldÂ has much smaller flowers than your average sunflower–itsÂ flower heads are onlyÂ about 1Â to 2Â inches across! West Virginia ~ Spring Wildflower Identification ~ Wildflower galleries by species, Spring 2004 and a few from 2003. The leaf margin is usually gently toothed. In spring, before the trees leaf out, the rich soil receives sufficient sunlight for the blooms to thrive. The entire plant consists of a stem that is purplish to green, yellow or brown. A growing number of regional native plant guides are available that highlight the beautiful variety of Virginia’s native plants! Blooms can last for up to a month, making daisies a ubiquitous part of…, Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue,Â Foxglove Penstemon,Â or Beardtongue These showy, native Â wildflowers appear from April to June in sunny or partially sunny locations.Â They grow from 3 to 5 ft. tall in brilliant masses; this group was photographed along the side of the road at Primland in Meadows of Dan. Â It was just growing in a roadside ditch that hadn’t been mowed yet. All parts of this native woodland … Wild Flowers, by Homer House, published 1934 and 1961, calls it "one of our rarest wild flowers". Â Sweet Everlasting! The plants are tall and can grow 3-4 ft. in height. Â It grows on recently downed or wounded hardwood trees, which is exactly where I foundÂ these! Â (The veil is evident on one of the mushrooms.) The white flowers appear mid-spring in a dense cluster at the top of a stem. Then I took a couple steps closer and nearly…, Impatiens capensis Jewelweed or touch-me-not is a tall annual that grows in moist areas, usually along the banks of streams, rivers and ponds.Â The leaves are somewhat toothed and blue-green in color. When they are…, Hericium erinaceus Just in time for Halloween: Fungi with TEETH! It is off-white with a top covered in…, Calvatia gigantea Well, it’s officially October! West Virginia Native Plant Society "Dedicated to the conservation and appreciation of West Virginia's native plants and habitats." Â The undulating tips of the dainty white petals? The flowers wave gently in the breeze, earning this plant the…, Doll’s Eyes or Baneberry Actaea pachypoda The compound leaves of baneberry are toothed and pinnate, similar in some ways to black cohosh in appearance. 3353. Mountain Wildflowers of VA and WV. The flowers are star-shaped, white to purple in color, with 5 lobes. Mountain Wood Sorrel, Northern Wood Sorrel. Â The leaves are opposite and entire. I spotted this plant today (July 13) on a Forest Service road near Poverty Creek/Pandapas Pond Recreation Area. These leaves are elliptic and slightly toothed. Each flower is less than 1 inch across. Look closely to see the five,Â up-turned petals on each flower. You may recognize the flower and leaves as bearing some similarities to common garden vegetables like potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. It was a…, Welcome back! Blue cohosh is a tall perennialâgrowing 2 to 3…, Melanthium virginicum or Veratrum virginicum For a few years now, Iâve been seeing this large, grass-like plant growing in odd clumps up on Salt Pond Mountain, but I didnât really know what it was. Â Not far behind were the pink flowers ofÂ Allegheny Spurge –aÂ gorgeous…, Huperzia lucidula It is the first of January! The alternate leaves are ovate to spatulate, narrower at the base than at the tip. One look at the purple stems and prickly fruit of this plant will tell you why. It is hard to miss this plant because the flower stalks are tall and straight and they are topped with sunnyÂ yellow flowers…, Galax urceolata Wandflower, Galax,Â or Beetleweed The white spikes of galax rise up like magic wands in late May and June in the woodland forests of Appalachia. Although the common name of this fungus suggests a pear shape, these can also be round, as seen in the photoÂ galleryÂ below. Â The leaves are opposite, ovate to lanceolate, and have lightly toothed margins. I’ve been stalking it for a month now, waiting for it to come into bloom. Â These were photographed growing along a steep roadside embankment on Brush Mountain in Southwest Virginia. Â Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. Needs moist, well-drained soil. Â I felt like it wasÂ a little bit early in the year for this plant to be in bloomÂ (I think of this as…, Clematis addisonii Addison’s Leatherflower, Clematis addisonii, is a threatened species that is native to the Ridge and Valley Province in Virginia. These wildflowers are in the color range of white, creamy white, or greenish white. Look for white wood asters growing in dry open woods; bloom time is July through October. Â Weeks have gone by with little rain and fall mushrooms in our area of Virginia have been somewhat scarce lately. The photos above show the leaves arranged on the flowering stem in an alternate pattern, without petioles and gently clasping. 2941 - 2. Here’s another new mushroom for me! Butâunder the protection of hemlock trees in my…, Hygrocybe punicea A late October surprise: A profusion of Crimson Waxy Caps growing along the Skullcap Trail in the Jefferson National Forest! Scroll down for more great spring wildflower hikes in Northern Virginia. Â Also, the flowers of this plant always face downward (nodding), such that you have to turn them over…, PlatantheraÂ orbiculata I was pleasantly surprised to spot a tall spike of white flowers in the forest above Mountain Lake Lodge yesterday. They tend to occur on the lower part of the stem, and some may form a loose basal rosette–…, Chimaphila maculata Such a dainty, intriguing flower! Â In flower it is…, Ghost Flower, Corpse Plant, or Indian Pipe Monotropa uniflora This wildflower lacks chlorophyll and is non-photosynthetic. They…, Lepiota cepaestipes or Leucocoprinus cepaestipes Look here! Wildflowers of North Carolina: A Community Photo Exhibit 2020: Year of the Wildflower curate by the North Carolina Botanical Garden. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Virginia Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. The change of seasons: bittersweet.Â Fall is at once beautiful and melancholyâ¦ Â the mesmerizing glory of scarlet leaves against a clear blue sky…the ominous…, Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel Â or American Witchhazel is a native shrub or small forest understory tree that grows 10-30 feet in height. The flowers of this herb are small and inconspicuous, but the profusion of delicateÂ blue-green leaves (for which the plant is named) make up for the lack of showy flowers. Virginia Wildflowers is a natural history photo gallery and casual field guide to the wildflowers of Virginia. I found four or five of these mushrooms, growing under a group of hemlock trees, and a whole bunch more on my neighbor’s property, coming up under pines. The coppery-green leaves? Tiny white 4-petaled flowers projecting on hairlike stalks from a spike ¾–3" long. In early May, you’ll notice the flower stalks emergining from the ground. As a mushroom, Lion’s Mane is just a mass ofÂ white spines,…, Gymnopilus luteus It is October, and the mushrooms are popping everywhere–in the grass, on logs and mulch, and of course on the forest floor. US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Virginia, Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. The leaves are alternate, simple, entire to ever-so-lightly toothed, hairy, with a strong mid-rib. Every year, dozens of distinct wildflower species bloom in Maryland. Â Where did the summer go? The pink, red or white flowers are borne on a spike at the top of the plant. We checked it again on July 10 and found the feathery fruit. West Virginia Spring Wildflowers. Just take a look at some of the photos below… Skullcaps are in the Mint…, Leucanthemum vulgare or Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Hereâs a flower that everyone knows: the daisy! Â They have reproductive structures that are shaped like clubs, hence the name. I can send an image of the flowers if you like. Â Today I found drifts of them growing along the roadside next to Big Stoney Creek in Giles County. Large drifts of wood betony could be found growing in the woods behind the hotel there. This plant can grow up to 3 feet tall and has beautiful white blossoms. I recently spotted it at two of my favorite hiking places along the Blue Ridge Parkway: Rock Castle Creek Gorge and Crabtree Falls. When fully ripe, each berry…, Rhododendron calendulaceum May is the time to look for the wild and magnificent Flame Azalea! Wildflowers by Color . The flowers, borne on long pedicels, are light to dark pink with purple spots inside. Â Thanks to branching, it is a tad bushier than Ground Cedar, soÂ each individual plant ends up looking likeÂ aÂ tiny hemlock or pine tree. This region, which includes the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains, is rich in biodiversity. See more ideas about wild flowers, west virginia, virginia. Generally, Jimsonweed flowers open at night and last only one day. But this species–the wild one- is a few degrees different, and it is appropriately calledÂ American Lily-of-the-Valley. The plants can grow up to about two feet tall. Young dogbane plants look very much like milkweed in terms of leaf…, Aureolaria virginica Downy Yellow False Foxglove is a perennial found in dry, oak forests. The central disk is yellow to reddish in color. But flowers were pinkish purple, not white. It is a beautiful… Grows in zones 5-9. Like most miniature things, this petite version of aÂ sunflower isÂ pretty darn cute. Wild azaleas don’t grow like the familiar, compact…, Adam and Eve Orchid or Putty-root Orchid Aplectrum hyemale Putty-root orchid is found throughout Virginia in moist forests, but it is often obscured by other herbaceous growth in the spring and summer, and by leafÂ litter in the fall and winter. Â That’s early!Â Trout Lilies were open in all their yellow splendor by March 20th! Virginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica, USDA zones 3 through 8) will thrive in all of Virginia's climate zones. The 2-6-inch leaves are alternate and oval with wavy margins. Operation Wildflower. Dozens of individual bloomsÂ are borne on stoutÂ umbels at the top of a 2-5 ft. tall plant. West Virginia Summer Wildflowers . The two-lipped, tubular flowers are borne on…, Hieracium caespitosum (H. pratense) I’ve been spotting a new wildflower around town this week, and I even saw it a couple of days ago on top of Salt Pond Mountain, near Mountain Lake. The morphology of the flower is interestingÂ at each stage of development–from new buds to maturity. Sunrise Carriage Trail. When I was a college student in the way-back-when, the clubmosses were all called âLycopodiumsâ…, Lycopodiella alopecuroides I went to the coast for Christmas this year and was lucky to get out for a nice walk at a Nature Conservancy property while I was there. Raindrops tend to bead up on the leaves, giving it a âbejeweledâ appearance in sunshine. What a perfect name! Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. The rosy pink or purple flowers…, or Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis This beautiful red and yellow flower grows in thin soil on rock ledges and along rocky slopes in woods, ravines and bluffs.Â The dainty flowers dangle from delicate stems, rocking constantly in the breeze. « prev Sometimes you will find them growing singly, but most often they occur in large clumps that look like tall, wild grass. Wildflower, Kinder Farm Park, Millersville, Maryland, October 2018. The Blue Ridge Parkway is a wildflower lover’s paradise, offering a huge variety of native species during spring, summer and fall. I know December is not the best time of the year for botanizing, but I took my camera anyway… I would have been happy to…, Ludwigia alternifolia The cute little square seed pods of Ludwigia alternifolia, orÂ Seedbox, are drying now inÂ winter fields along with other stars of summer, like Queen Anne’s LaceÂ andÂ Ironweed. Youâd be right. The hanging, white flowers…, Lobelia spicata This small-flowered lobelia has striking white to pale blue flowers that are borne on an unbranched stem (12-36 inches). While searching for something else, I practically stumbled on this little pink firebomb up in the woods at Mountain Lake. The program began in 1990 under the DNR with a test site on I-64 near Huntington, West Virginia. The remarkable thing about witch-hazel is its oddÂ bloom time:Â September-October-November!Â The…, Lycoperdon pyriforme On aÂ hike to the War Spur trail in late September, and then again at Pandapas Pond in late October, I found these mushrooms growing in abundance, on decaying logs. Wildflowers and garden varieties, in both naturalized and formal settings, enhance the natural beauty of Virginia and return some of what might have been lost through development. Photograph them, sketch them, or simply enjoy the view, but all of the park resources are protected – leave them for others to enjoy. They grow on wood and have a medium to large, dry cap,…, Amanita muscaria var. Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium The flowers of Sweet Everlasting are a bit odd because they are dry to the touch, even when new. The following photos were taken today, May 1st, at Falls Ridge Nature Preserve in the Ellett Valley. A spellbinding variety of West Virginia's wildflowers largely owes to deciduous trees prevailing over the state's national parks and forests. The petals are lilac-purple to blue-white, and sometimes the…, Fringed Polygala or Gaywings Polygala paucifolia At first glance, the color and texture of this flower call to mind an orchid.Â The complicated structure, complete with wing-like sepals, resembles a flying bird or airplane.Â Two petals are joined together to make a tube; a third, lower petal is fringed. Examine the photo…, Bidens cernua In late summer and early fall, you might come across thisÂ showyÂ little sunflower growing in wet places. It is a beautiful…, Here we are at the end of Octoberâ¦ Yellow maple leaves are falling steadily around me, with a little help from light rain. Plant in full sun or partial shade. Not to be outdone by Mountain Laurel, which also blooms in late spring, Flame Azalea is a shrub that practically sets the woods on fire with with its blaze of orange flowers. Friends who have a cabin on East Lake, near Big Fork also have the purple virgin's bower. Here it is in June at Pandapas Pond, near Blacksburg. Maybe I should just say, “This little trillium is a real showstopper!” Like all the trillium species, the leaves, petals, and sepals of painted trillium…, Convallaria majuscula Until now, I did not know that Lily of the Valley grows wild in the Appalachian Mountains!Â The form that most of us know, the garden variety, was imported from Europe and then popularized in American gardens. Tuberose. Traditionally, Â the shape of a plant was often used to discern its medicinal uses, and so the shape of this flower, with its open mouth exposing the throat, led to it being used as a…, Lysimachia ciliata Yellow loosetrifes have 5 yellow petals;Â this speciesÂ differs from the others in a couple of ways. Here are three varieties native to Virginia to watch for on your next excursion. Virginia Wildflowers is a natural history photo gallery and casual field guide to the wildflowers of Virginia. They’re also called galanthus. I’ve been out wandering these last few weeks, keeping a close watch on the ground for the “first signs…, It was a deliciously early spring here in southwest Virginia. Below are some photos of the bounty of mushrooms they collected. It grows 3-8 inches in height, and…, Chelone Fishmouth, snakemouth, turtlehead… Â The common names of this flower come from the 2-lipped shape, which calls to mind an animal’s gaping mouth. There are two honey mushroom species pictured in this galleryâboth are parasitic on hardwood trees.Â Armillaria mellea has a distinct ring, or annulus on the stipe and a partial veil when new; the gills are attached; the color is typically honey yellow. Happy New Year! *=Multiple images on detail page: Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. To maintain the natural beauty of the State and maintain and increase natural habitat, two programs use wildflowers: the Wildflower Program and the Wild Acres Program. A widespread species with aÂ cosmopolitan distribution, it is a medium-sized puffball with a roundÂ fruit bodyÂ tapering to a wide stalk. The gallery below shows two Coker’s Amanita mushrooms before they erupted from the bulb, and then again a few days later. Â Although these were open-grown, I also found plenty growing in the woods around Glen Alton and White Rocks campground. Adorable, drooping white and green flowers appear in late winter, often while there’s still snow (yes, that’s how they got their name!). 4724. formosa It is October, and along with yellow leaves and orange pumpkins, there are large, yellowish-orange mushrooms coming up in my yard in Blacksburg! Flower petal number [Explain] 403 0 or indistinct. Each leaf is 1 to 2 inches in length, rounded at the tip, and strongly veined. Snakeroot's white flowers are born at the top of the plant in loose clusters that might remind you of boneset or a white ageratum. Wild Yam, Yam Root, Colic Root, Whorled Wild Yam. At our house, we welcomed the new year with a walk in the woods with our new puppy, Grace. Each individual flower has five white petals that resemble a cup-shaped wildflower. Height: Full height of the mature plant, in feet. Â This year, I was lucky enough to be up there when it was blooming, and I literally gasped when I saw…, Apocynum cannabinum If youâre trying to identify this plant for the first time, you might reasonably assume it is a kind of milkweed. Each flower headÂ has 30Â or moreÂ ray flowers…, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae You’ll recognize this prolific fall bloomer: New England Aster can be found growing locally in both home gardens and open meadows. Â The warts on the cap will…, NowÂ here’s a great name for a flower if I ever did hear one. There is one flower per…, Trillium undulatum Oh, where do I start with this uncommon wildflower? Tended by invisible hands, miniature gardens are bursting from the forest floor with color and promise. Plant a bunch of them for the best effect, and get these bulbs in the ground in fall for winter blooms. Virginia Department of Transportation Many species of plants are used in Virginia's Wildflower Program. The group of 25 “hunters” scoured the forest and then met up again at the picnic tables to sort and identify their finds. Bur Marigold is aÂ composite withÂ 6 to…, Corallorhiza odontorhiza Here is a small, leafless orchid that can be found growing in local forests in the fall. Â So– I found this gray-capped stinkhorn growing in the mulch in my neighborâs yard in early October.Â There were a lot of them growing in the same area, with many lying on the ground âdeliquescingâ while others were still emerging…, Lycoperdon perlatum This information is taken directly from Wikipedia: “This mushroom, popularly known as theÂ common puffball,Â warted puffball,Â gem-studded puffball, or theÂ devil’s snuff-box, is a species ofÂ puffballÂ fungus in the familyÂ Agaricaceae. Â Something else remarkable about this pretty little plant is the broad, flat face of the flower (1-inch wide), which is somewhat reminiscent of a cultivated pansy. May 19, 2018 - Explore Jackie Brotosky's board "West Virginia Wildflowers", followed by 389 people on Pinterest. Some of the yellow flowers were photographed…, Silene latifolia On my way to work early this morning, a stand of showy White Campion caught my eye. Even from the road I could tell it was something unusual. Gobs of showy, purplish flowers cover the top of this tall native plant and provide an important source of nectar for insects–especially migrating butterflies– at this time of year. 9686. Symphyotrichum pilosum - Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Frost Aster, White Heath Aster, Downy Aster. Prince’s Pine (sometimes called Ground Pine,Â Princess’s Pine, or Flat-branched tree clubmoss) is anÂ evergreen beauty. Lacking leaves, it is a non-photosynthetic plant; it gets its nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi. This pure white mushroom is quite the rock star in the fungus world, being both an edible andÂ medicinal fungus. Frankly, I find this very distracting! In the early…, Canadian Lousewort or Wood Betony Pedicularis Canadensis Wood Betony is a native wildflower that often grows in large colonies. Â We’ve had several days of rain earlier this week and now a deluge is predicted for…, ChrysopsisÂ mariana Blooming in late summer, this showy, golden yellow aster grows in barren areas. You can find columbine growing from April to July in Virginia.Â The elaborate flowers are only…, Caulophyllum thalictroides Coming up now in rich hardwood coves is a historically important medicinal plant calledÂ blue cohosh. Early! â Trout Lilies were open in all their yellow splendor by March 20th the. Interestingâ at each stage of development–from virginia wildflowers white buds to maturity each individual flower has five white petals,. Each stage of development–from new buds to maturity poisonousÂ Amanita has white warts on the flowering stem in alternate... Gallery and casual field guide to the touch, even when new relationship with mycorrhizal.... 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