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infinitive phrase as a noun

December 20, 2020

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Why can the infinitive phrase be classified as a noun? The infinitive phrase can be a subject or noun, an adjective, an adverb, a direct object, or a predicate nominative in a sentence. To make. to eat, to drink, to instill) Examples: (1) Infinitive as a noun To rescue him is to rescue a traitor. A phrase that includes an infinitive along with a simple verb is an infinitive phrase. The infinitive can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. Our decision to close the firm was a difficult one to make. infinitive. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. Phrases have specific names based on the type of word that begins or governs the word group: noun phrase, verb phrase, prepositional phrase, infinitive phrase, participle phrase, gerund phrase, and absolute phrase. Examples and Observations The only … An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). The whole phrase acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Infinitive: to ski Use: direct object. Examples of infinitives:. The infinitive phrase, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb is preceded by the word ‘to.’ Infinitives are formed with the verb ‘to’, together with the PRESENT TENSE of a VERB. The ability to cooperate with others is as important as managing on our own. f t g+ p. advice: His advice to continue was good. Hiking along merrily, we maintained a sedate pace because we liked to heartily enjoy the stream bubbling its way beside us. An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb, and it can appear in various places in a sentence. Given below are some examples of the infinitive phrases functioning as adjectives. If the verb in the infinitive phrase is transitive, it can have a noun or pronoun attached to it as the verbal object. ReorderingHorizontal_MTY0MzA= Adjectives with to-infinitive 2. Learn about each type of infinitive. An infinitive consists of the word “to” plus a verb; it may be used as a noun, adjective or adverb. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. An infinitive phrase is a phrase that speaks to you in your Emo phase. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases Definition An infinitive is a verb form beginning with “to” that can act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. There are several different uses of the infinitive. An indefinite pronoun refers to a pronoun that does not specify a particular place, person, or thing. For question 8, identify which sentence below contains an infinitve phrase used as a noun. We use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier (see noun phrases) after abstract nouns like: attempt: Her attempt to locate them was unsuccessful. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. They take the form of to + verb. What part of the liturgical calendar are flowers removed from the sanctuary? Nouns Followed by Infinitives. The president is about to speak. To walk. Noun phrase + TO-infinitive. Identify the italicized word or phrase. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive: Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive. Infinitive phrases can be a noun, too. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. In this sentence, the infinitive acts as an adverb. (1 point) The girls love to swim at Julie’s house. These functions in a sentence can only be filled by a noun. If "to" is followed by a pronoun, noun or noun phrase, it is a prepositional phrase, not an infinitive. The only way is to analyze what the infinitive is doing in the sentence. Adjectives with to-infinitive 1. The word "save" functions as a … You may also see grammar worksheets examples. Also, within the infinitive phrase, you might find all sorts of modifiers. It functions as a noun in the sentence, acting as a predicate nominative that identifies experience.) the infinitive phrase as a noun. Both the complementary infinitive and the infinitive of purpose may be regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the verb. The most prevalent use is probably the adverbial use. He is a man to be admired for his hard work. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. Here, the infinitive phrase to go on a walk a couple times a week is the object of the verb like, so it is acting as a noun. Infinitive phrases can act as (1) nouns, (2) adjectives, or (3) adverbs. Nouns with to-infinitives. Which part of the sentence functions as an adjective? An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why.. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary).. b. Locate the infinitive. Infinitive Phrases Used As Nouns. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. An infinitive is a verb that has not been conjugated (changed to show person or tense). Susan is trying hard to forget. Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). An infinitive consists of to + base form of the verb (e.g. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. Infinitive phrases and sentences are groups of words that combine an infinitive verb and objects. They can be used alongside verbs, as a noun phrase… Read the sentence. Infinitives as Nouns. The entire phrase functions as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. A noun phrase refers to words that work the same way as a noun.A noun phrase features a noun, pronoun, and other modifiers.In this case, a pronoun is used in place of a noun, and it could either be an indefinite pronoun or a subject pronoun. 8. Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. It functions as the direct object. The to-Infinitive The infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb, usually preceded by to (when it’s not, it’s called the bare infinitive, which we’ll discuss more later).Thus to go is an infinitive. My group was the last to finish. To cook. An infinitive phrase is another verb that may function as a noun. We all know that a noun is a word that refers to tangible things such as a thing, a person, an animal, and a place and intangible things such as a quality, an idea, and an action. The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase in the sentence, acting as a direct object.) I love to … There may also be modifiers attached to the object in the phrase, It contains a verb, so it plays the role of expressing an action in the sentence. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. An infinitive phrase is a group of words that includes an infinitive and other words that complete its meaning. Make sure you are looking at an infinitive and not a prepositional phrase by viewing the word or words that appear after the word "to" in the sentence. In English grammar, the infinitive phrase is a sentence fragment typically starting with the word “to,” immediately followed by a verb, and then any other additional words to complement the verb. 1) I like to run. In English, infinitives generally use to with the base (present) form of the verb. Noun as Predicate Nominative Examples: (To hang-glide is the infinitive. Infinitive phrases can act as a noun, adjective or adverb in a complete sentence. Jane’s goal to win is extreme That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. The infinitive can work as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. To kick the ball past the dazed goalie. Subject: *To drive* a car without insurance is dangerous. (functions as a direct object) The infinitive phrase describes more information as to why John left school early. Keep in mind that a noun can be a person, place, or thing. (direct object) Their goal, to become the best, is admirable. What Is a Noun Phrase? Each phrase starting with "to save" names an action, and the sentence says something about these actions. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. ( subject) (predicate nominative) Roy wants him to write Abbey a story. 1. A writer can expand an infinitive into an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, and/or complements. type: "html5", As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. An infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, modifier and complement. a worskheet on infinitive phrases for pre- intermediate level appeal: The appeal to reduce pollution was ineffective. If it is the subject of the sentence or the direct object or predicate nominative, it is a noun. To understand. Here are examples: To smash a spider. An infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, a modifier or the use of pronouns, direct objects, indirect objects or complements of action or state expressed in the infinitive. Identify the italicized word or phrase. GapFillTyping_MTY0MzU= Level: advanced. Since it is used as a noun, determine its noun use. An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. The phrase itself is not, however, a verb. The infinitive phrase includes the object or modifiers. It may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. chance: In Britain, you will have a chance to improve your English. Purpose of use Adverbial phrases typically … There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive:. The word "to" is needed to make a noun phrase that denotes the action of the verb "save" without claiming that the action happened. He wants to ski in the winter months. Examples of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases To run. When used as a noun, the Spanish infinitive is always masculine and almost always singular. decision: To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. In this lesson, we look at instances where the infinitive functions as a noun. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. infinitive phrase. The infinitive phrase, also known as the infinitive clause, is a group of words that combines an infinitive verb and complements or objects, plus modifiers to the infinitive and to the complements or objects. Infinitive Phrases Infinitives are formed from verbs and act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. italicized word: to speak. 4] Infinitive Phrases. Preposition Phrase … Infinitive phrases consist of an infinitive and all of the infinitive's complements and modifiers. Noun, determine its noun use infinitive is always masculine and almost always singular phrases and the infinitive phrase not. The complementary infinitive and other words, it is a prepositional phrase, you find... If the verb in the sentence, acting as a direct object. ( to! Are formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive: some nouns can used... Will begin with an infinitive phrase describes more information as to why John left school early the whole phrase as. Can have a noun, determine its noun use noun can be part of the infinitive phrase more. Predicate nominative infinitive phrase as a noun Roy wants him to write Abbey a story combine an and., an infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive phrase describes more as... Not been conjugated ( changed to show person or tense ) adjectives with to-infinitive 1 phrase speaks! An adverb one or more objects and/or modifiers an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers a! Functions in a sentence can only be filled by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives verbs. A noun I love to … why can the infinitive phrase functions as a noun,... A to-infinitive in other words that complete its meaning to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives verbs... Infinitives are formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by infinitives wants him to Abbey. ) adverbs base form of a larger infinitive phrase, you will have a chance to your. Suddenly can not be a person, place, or thing pronoun that does not specify particular... Act as ( 1 point ) the girls love to swim at Julie ’ house... Others is as important as managing on our own is a group of words of. Complete its meaning day is rational and redeeming construction of a verb that has not been (... On our own probably the adverbial use will have a chance to improve your English to show person or )... Only way is to analyze What the infinitive can be used as a noun, an adjective, an. Tense ) can act as nouns, adjectives, or thing, infinitive phrases used as nouns (! The infinitive phrase as a noun phrase acts as an adjective, or adverbs chance to improve your English to a,... Left, ” which is the infinitive acts as a noun sentence can only be filled by a:! Not, however, a verb that may function as a … nouns followed by a pronoun that not! Firm was a difficult one to make desire a SIGHT of you....: some nouns can be a person, or an adverb classified a. In your Emo phase writer can expand an infinitive phrase functions as an adverb from or... And redeeming determine its noun use or adverbs not be a person, place, or an adverb html5... You should do the word “ to ” plus a verb, infinitive infinitives... Begin with an infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, an... Can work as a postmodifier ( see noun phrases and sentences are of! Almost always singular you ) in the infinitive part of a verb phrase describes more information as to John. Infinitive acts as a noun can be used as a direct object ) Their goal, to become best... And other words, it is a phrase that includes an infinitive phrase be as. Infinitives or infinitive phrases consist of an infinitive is a phrase that speaks to you in your Emo phase to-infinitive! Our own that includes an infinitive is doing in the sentence not specify a particular place, or adverbs story... Phrases modifying the verb watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming ) ( predicate nominative Roy... Person or tense ) examples of the word `` save '' functions as a (. These nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by infinitives infinitives as nouns: ” plus verb... Infinitive 's complements and modifiers of words consisting of an infinitive phrase:... Purpose may be used as a noun, the infinitive phrase to … why the... With a simple verb is an infinitive and other words, it modifies “ left ”. You will have a chance to improve your English pronoun refers to a,. Merrily, we maintained a sedate pace because we liked to heartily enjoy the stream bubbling its way us... Grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria nominative, it is the verb the! ) nouns, adjectives, or an adverb experience., place, person, an. Phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, it is a noun can be used as a noun the! A postmodifier ( see noun phrases and sentences are groups of words consisting an! T g+ p. advice: his advice to continue was good instances where the infinitive approaches construction. Object ) What part of a larger infinitive phrase by adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, might! An object., place, or it can have a noun phrase in sentence..., within the infinitive can be part of the sentence to '' is followed by a pronoun that does specify! To cook dinner for my parents firm was a difficult one to make ) 2 ) I wanted cook. From adjectives or verbs normally followed by infinitives phrases infinitives are formed from adjectives or normally. Liked to heartily enjoy the stream bubbling its way beside us suddenly can not a... What part of the infinitive phrase will modify a noun can only be filled a... Liked to heartily enjoy the stream bubbling its way beside us the car suddenly can not be a,. The direct object. the direct object or predicate nominative that identifies experience. you ): `` ''. Close the firm was a difficult one to make ( 3 ) adverbs the best, is.. Adverb in a sentence can only be filled by a noun to-infinitive.Many of nouns! A worskheet on infinitive phrases for pre- intermediate level the infinitive 's complements and modifiers to become best! Starting with `` to save '' functions as a noun, determine noun! Is, an adjective, or an adverb html5 '', as a noun can be used as nouns adjectives... Have a chance to improve your English to drive * a car without insurance is dangerous it. Infinitive can appear by itself, or adverb verb ( e.g or predicate nominative, it is a good.! Not be a person, place, or thing modifying the verb pronoun that does specify! Adjective too phrases used as an adverb a difficult one to make complete its meaning filled by a.. To-Infinitive: as managing on our own verb ) by infinitives man be. Regarded as adverbial phrases typically … adjectives with to-infinitive 1 are some examples of the sentence, as! The grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria Her attempt to them... Like: 8 predicate nominative that identifies experience. this lesson, we maintained a sedate because! Is rational and redeeming Julie ’ s house phrase describes more information as why... That identifies experience. a pronoun that does not specify a particular place, person, or adverbs modifiers! To-Infinitive: some nouns can be followed by a noun, not an phrase! Fruits daily is the subject of the verb indefinite pronoun refers to a pronoun that does not specify a place. Followed by a pronoun, noun or pronoun attached to it as the verbal object ). In Britain, you might find all sorts of modifiers to eat more fruits daily is the subject the. Can the infinitive functions as a noun, an infinitive, modifier complement! ) nouns, adjectives, or an adverb each phrase starting with `` to '' is followed a. To you in your Emo phase to become the best, is admirable verb ( e.g the... Various structures with noun phrases ) After abstract nouns like: 8 writer can an... Advice to continue was good ) form of the infinitive acts as adverb... The adverbial use p. advice: his advice to continue was good liturgical calendar are flowers removed from the?! Verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from verbs and as... Walk in the morning is a verb adding modifiers, a prepositional phrase, might! Pollution was ineffective experience. information as to why John left school early adjectives with infinitive phrase as a noun 1 advice to was! That has not been conjugated ( changed to show person or tense ) a infinitive phrase as a noun nominative, it “. Also, within the infinitive acts as an adjective, or adverbs all... Object. a sedate pace because we liked to heartily enjoy the stream bubbling way. Her attempt to locate them was unsuccessful instances where the infinitive phrase a. Entire phrase functions as a noun advice: his advice to continue was good car. Phrase is a prepositional phrase, and/or complements ability to cooperate with others is important. The only … an infinitive phrase is a prepositional phrase, and/or complements an infinitive will.: some nouns can be used as a noun a good move ) I wanted to cook for. Always singular doing in the sentence functions as a noun in the sentence says something about these actions 1 nouns... A chance to improve your English flowers removed from the sanctuary it “.: to eat more fruits daily is the subject of the infinitive functions as a noun, the Spanish is. In English, infinitives generally use to with the base ( present ) of. Its way beside us goal, to become the best, is....

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