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bystander intervention training steps

December 20, 2020

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Bystander Intervention Training Duration: 2-hour workshop Delivery methods: Group exploration and discussion led by facilitator. You are at a party. Alternatively, if you would like to get in touch for more information about this course or our other modules, please contact us here. It is critical to realize that it can be disempowering for someone to have a personal event documented and/or broadcasted. Pitt Student Affairs 5,270 views. Potentially harmful situations include sexual harassment or assault, bullying, or … Note*: Some people may not be comfortable or feel safe with the intervention of law enforcement​. The content provided in this guide serves as a starting point for you to begin laying the foundations of your diversity, equity, and inclusion learning. Successful Bystander Intervention. Our Bystander Intervention e-learning course is developed in partnership with the University of Coventry and University of Warwick. Examples of this can look like telling the person, "What you just said made me feel uncomfortable, and here’s why…​" or asking the person, "Do you realize how problematic that is?​ Can you tell me why you said/did that?". If you observe a situation that appears to be an emergency, or someone's safety is in imminent danger, please call 911. Executive Producer | Mike Bernstein to Intervention. Explores effective approaches for bystander intervention, such as disrupting, supporting confronting and reporting; Explains the importance of exercising good judgment in choosing how and when to respond; Traliant also covers Bystander Intervention in its industry-leading Preventing Discrimination and Harassment … Examples of this can look like telling the person, Create some form of distraction and interrupt the flow of violence.​ A key with this step is to. Create some form of distraction and interrupt the flow of violence.​ A key with this step is to engage directly with whom is being targeted​. Our surroundings influence our reactions and likelihood of intervention. Police brutality is not new, but it is being filmed. The center strategizes with professors to improve overall classroom experience. The five-step system describes our internal thought patterns when deciding whether or not to intervene. Nobody wants to make a bad situation worse. You can either choose this course as an off-the-shelf package, or we can adapt the content to suit your brand and your requirements. Bystanders do not always need to directly challenge bad behaviour or abuse; it may be enough to disrupt the activity by talking to the perpetrator or the victim and creating a distraction. The Science of Empathy demonstrates this process of personal responsibility effectively with participants in a study observing someone setting up a tent. Bystander intervention is when someone who isn’t directly involved in a potentially harmful situation steps up to positively change what happens. Be sure to assess when it is safe to check-in with the person experiencing the harm. Hold the camera steady and shoot important shots for at least 10 seconds. ", The closer your group is, the more likely you will intervene​. In the next section, we expand upon these two forms of assistance in what we call the 5 D's. Simply put, bystander intervention is the opposite of passivity. Executive Producer | Bayan Joonam As additional participants were in the room, the percentage of reactions to the smoke decreased. By encouraging and preparing employees to take action when they witness harassing behavior, bystander intervention training will equip employees with the knowledge and education in when and how to intervene. The following are the considerations one determines before making a decision to act: SoulPancake, CREDITS: The important point to remember is that there is no bad bystander intervention, as any action on behalf of the bystander is better than none. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. provides trainings on how to do your part to protect your neighbors and co-workers when bias and harassment collide in front of you. Step UP! The bystander effect, or bystander apathy, is a social psychological phenomenon that refers to cases in which individuals do not offer any means of help to a victim when others are present. Executive Producer | Matt Pittman They seem to be having a good time but it is clear that the woman has had too much to drink. ... Intervening can be difficult to perform if the bystander is not sure of whether or not to act. Sound Mixer | Eric Bucklin The Bystander Intervention e-learning course is delivered on the Marshall LMS so you can easily track adoption and completion rates. If you observe a situation that appears to be an emergency, or someone's safety is in imminent danger, please call 911. SIX STEPS TO BYSTANDER ACTION. Overall, the study found that the larger the group, the less likely folks were to intervene​. They understand the cultural and societal factors that have “normalized” sexual bullying in schools are misleading and harmful to their friends … © 2020 The Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate. This uncertainty is a problem for victims of harassment, abuse and violence. Even if we want to intervene, we may not know what to say or do in these situations. Trauma manifests with each of us differently. For many communities and people the history of mistreatment at the hands of law enforcement has led to fear and mistrust of police interventions​. Keep a safe distance, film landmarks, state the date and time of the film clearly​. When people most need allies, they are frequently surrounded by people too scared or uncertain to speak up. You can make yourself less susceptible to social influences and instead become a more effective support by: (i) understanding/tracking the bystander effect (how it manifests/how it shows up everyday for you personally); and (ii) by educating yourself on tactics to navigate the situations and intervene to build a supportive and safe environment. We are all functions of the system that we live in; a system that has taught us how to think about ourselves and others, how to interact with others, and how to understand what is expected of us. We are all functions of the system that we live in; a system that has taught us how to think about ourselves and others, how to interact with others, and how to understand what is expected of us. ​They also found other factors for not intervening such as a person's likeness, prejudice etc. Examples of this can look like spilling a drink or asking for directions. Interpret the Situation as an Emergency. Diversity and Inclusion Training Consultancy, E-Learning Consultancy and Skills Training, Bespoke and Custom E-Learning Development. Bystanders will monitor the reactions of others in an emergency situation to see if others think it is necessary to intervene. We often gravitate more naturally to one of the D's over the others. Bystander intervention training to be rolled out to all medical students and staff, using role play allowing students to practice speaking up on behalf of others in challenging situations and providing them with the environment to learn how intervene in situations of racial harassment These three steps can be simply summarized as: … pilling a drink or asking for directions. In addition to the prevention goal, the program has a research component which seeks to measure the effectiveness of the prevention program with different … Some people may not be comfortable or feel safe with the intervention of law enforcement​. Director | Zach Wechter Bystander Intervention Training. Prod. But do you know how to respond? All trademarks are registered property of the University. There are five steps to helping when witness to a problematic or potentially problematic … The first one provides an overview of … Witnesses to anti-social behaviour rarely know how to intervene in a way that is supportive, effective and safe. When you leave the training, you’ll be more able to overcome the barriers to stepping up and have practical skills for doing so. (LSS). Overview: As colleagues working together in the City, engaging the … Training can help break the cycle of silence. Latane and Darley demonstrated the impact of social influence using what they called the “Smoke Experiment.”​. Do your best to get yourself and the victim into more of a public place. The more ambiguous a situation is, the less likely people will intervene. Notice an occurrence out of the ordinary. Decide “in your gut” that something is amiss or unacceptable. Within seconds of witnessing an incident (whether it be an easily identifiable emergency or not), your brain is processing enormous amounts of information to determine if you should or should not intervene. Bystander intervention involves 5 steps: Notice that something is happening; Recognise the behaviour as a problem that requires intervention; Take personal responsibility to do something; Decide how to intervene. permission only. If it is safe to do so, before notifying authority, use your distract techniques (if possible) to see if the impacted party desires this. You know inappropriate behaviour when you see it. Set Dresser | Valerie Sakmary. Producer | Hashem Selph At one point your friend walks by you and you hear him say he is just going to get her “one more” and “that … All rights reserved. MATE is an education and intervention program teaching us all to be leaders in the prevention of violence and problematic behaviour.. By teaching people how to recognise abuse, anti-social behaviour and potential harassment, organisations can create a culture of resistance to aggression and abuse, and normalise intervention. As briefly explained in the first process (Notice Something is Going On), interpretations of whether or not a situation is an emergency is based on the principle of "social influence" or "social proof." The CII core values include community, social justice, learning, resilience, and leadership. Used by ​This incident shocked the American public, but also moved several psychologists to try and understand the behavior of people. Determinations of personal responsibility felt is dependent upon on three things:​​. It is crucial that you continue expanding upon this knowledge and look further into the concepts presented that you are unfamiliar with and/or are curious about. Your email address will not be published.Required fields are marked with a *. In addition to the resources provided below, you can also review additional terminology interconnected with Bystander Intervention here. asking for assistance, finding a resource, or receiving help from a third party​. Comfort the person(s) and provide reassurance that it isn’t their fault; accountability is on the person(s) enacting the inappropriate/violent behavior. You can also use multiple D's at once; they tend to have a lot of overlap. The training involves two workshops, each about two hours. Assess your own safety prior to recording​. Bystanders should be encouraged to seek support and to try to resolve issues as a group, rather than taking personal risks. If the impacted party is not receiving other assistance, use the other 4 D's first. Camera Operator | Fio Occhipinti Bystander Training Course. Participants were either alone, with a few other participants who were not, Once a situation has been noticed, a bystander may be encouraged to intervene if they interpret it as an emergency​. The Office of Diversity and Inclusion provides sustained, comprehensive programs across all educational levels to promote access and increase numbers of underrepresented populations in healthcare, STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) and research professions. Creating an Upstander Culture. By learning how to respond, people can feel more confident about speaking up at the first sign of trouble. Record inappropriate behavior/violence so there is a record available from a third party witness to provide as evidence if necessary. The Office of Diversity and Inclusion offers services, resources, and guidance to enhance diversity and foster a culture of inclusion for the CU Denver | CU Anschutz campuses. Each item is associated with one of the five bystander intervention steps (notice the event, interpret as an emergency, accept responsibility, know how to help, intervene; Latané and Darley 1970). To learn more about our Bystander Intervention course, please click here. Gaffer | Sam Heesen Kitty Genovese was 29 when she was murdered near her home, in the borough of Queens in New York, in March of 1964. Bystanders determine their own safety first​ i.e. By the time the police were called it was too late. You can expand on each of these points by explaining the reasoning behind each one, ... For more resources like this one, including workshops, posters, and online training tailored to prevent sexual assault and substance abuse, visit our website at . is a comprehensive bystander intervention program... That Teaches You. It is important to remember that we all have our own personality styles and personal comfort levels when it comes to intervention. The information here provides a basic overview of important considerations related to Bystander Intervention. For example, - Distract the person acting inappropriately - Directly address the issue e.g. It is the rejection of idly standing by while someone, either you know or do not know, is getting hurt, or could possibly be in danger. To enhance diversity, the University strives to recognize underrepresented groups in the areas of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, veteran status, and ability status. By the time the police were called it was too late. Writer / Host | Julian Huguet The NYC Health Department’s Bystander Training Course provides an overview of how you can recognize a suspected explosive device and what to expect after an explosion occurs. Empower other allies to become accomplices as active bystanders​ by. There are three determining factors that influence whether or not someone would intervene in a situation. Here are some illustrations of successful bystander intervention: Situation: At a Bar. Pitt Bystander Intervention Training - Duration: 10:09. These thought processes and expectations are based on the specific set of social identities we … See our Privacy Policy for how we manage your details. Learn why the EEOC recommends that companies should consider providing bystander The graph above depicts the following results of the study. Please note that the 5 D's do not need to be used in chronological order. If it is safe to do so, before notifying authority, use your distract techniques (if possible) to see if the impacted party desires this. It is important to remember that we all have our own personality styles and personal comfort levels when it comes to intervention. Five decision-making steps • Strategies for effective helping including the 5 Ds • S.E.E.K. These thought processes and expectations are based on the specific set of social identities we were born into that predispose us to unequal roles that allow us to access, In addition to the resources provided below, you can also, review additional terminology interconnected with. In some cases, the presence of others can be enough to stall the problematic behaviour. Specific Steps. Bystander Intervention is recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome. Empower other allies to become accomplices as active bystanders​ by asking for assistance, finding a resource, or receiving help from a third party​. A man starts dancing with her and is about to lead her out, even though she doesn't look coherent. You can unsubscribe from our emails at any time. Participants were either alone, with a few other participants who were not "in" on the study (unknowing), or with participants who were "in" on the study. Bystander Intervention. For many communities and people, the history of mistreatment at the hands of law enforcement has led to fear and mistrust of police interventions​. The resources provided here serve as a starting point to lead you in a direction to continue your personal education. If you have additional questions regarding the 5 D's please email us at equitytraining@ucdenver.edu. Two psychologists, Bibb Latane and John Darley (1968), wanted to explain the phenomenon they called, A great example that describes typical responses when exposed to a, the impact of social influence using what they called the. Group exercises. It brings clarity to the question of when people should intervene, and lays out practical steps for taking action. First, someone has to notice a potential incident. College of Engineering, Design and Computing, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sexual Misconduct, Intimate Partner Violence, & Stalking, 2. The graph above depicts the following results of the study. ​Over a dozen people saw the attack, yet no one intervened. Bystander Intervention Involves Five Steps Notice. Follow up with those impacted​. Casting Director | Pardis Sullins That's why all bystanders should carefully figure out what appears to be the situation. Two psychologists, Bibb Latane and John Darley (1968), wanted to explain the phenomenon they called “The Genovese Effect.”​ Their researched proved bystanders were misled by people around them based on demonstrated pluralistic ignorance (crowd diffusion) or a misread of another’s demeanor. 1st AC | Jay Janocko Coordinator | Tiffany Hutson The probability of help is inversely related to the number of bystanders. Scenario: Sexual Assault. Use this option only if there are folks already assisting the impacted party​. People may be keen to step in, but their uncertainty prevents them from taking action. Ask yourself, "Could I play a role here?" Of course, there is no way to be 100% certain that you haven’t misconstrued an innocent situation. Intervene directly by confronting/calling out the individual(s) to notify them of their inappropriateness. Bystanders are present in over 60% of all violent crimes but only intervene about 15% of the time. Accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The 5 Steps of Intervention. By clicking 'Subscribe' you are signing up to receive emails with information from Marshall E-Learning. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The first question for any concerned individual is whether their concerns are legitimate. But it is usually better to say something when you see something that doesn’t feel right. In the study, participants waited in a room that gradually filled with smoke. Bystander intervention, or stepping in when you witness high-­risk behaviors—behaviors that can cause imminent risk to self or others—is the perfect example of taking action. Hollaback! The image above depicts the results of the study. Everyone Can Help – Don’t Be a Bystander. Please be intentional and respectful with any documentation you have and always operate based on the wants/needs of the impacted party. Ensure your organisation is fully compliant on the key issues. With practice, jumping in as a bystander becomes easier, and just like any skill or habit, people become more comfortable and creative in how to diffuse situations. Bringing in the Bystander® “emphasizes a bystander intervention approach and assumes that everyone has a role to play in ending violence against women. A great example that describes typical responses when exposed to a (potentially) critical situation is with an experiment conducted by two psychologists, Latane and Darley (1968). In the study, participants waited in a room that gradually filled with smoke. tell them that their … Executive Producer | Shabnam Mogharabi Determining which form of assistance to utilize is assessed based on situational context, social influence etc. For many communities and people the history of mistreatment at the hands of law enforcement has led to fear and mistrust of police interventions​. Examples of this can look like asking someone to join you, utilizing the "fake friend" tactic, or notifying authorities.*. If you are a human, do not fill in this field. Close to 80% of the participants who were in the room alone, reacted and sought help. ​This incident shocked the American public, but also moved several psychologists to try and understand the behavior of people. While we could customize a training on this topic for you, we highly encourage you to reach out to the office(s)/center(s) listed on this page to find additional resources, facilitated training opportunities, and learning tools to further your education. As briefly explained in the first process, What is my relationship to the person being impacted?​. For many communities and people, the history of mistreatment at the hands of law enforcement has led to fear and mistrust of police interventions​. How can we align our bystander intervention work with ... and other forms of harm. Bystanders have the potential to save lives and assist people after an emergency, such as an explosion. Your email address will not be published. DP | Jake Menache The 5 Steps of Bystander Intervention; 4 Tools for Intervening; And lots of practice! Situation: You're at a bar, and one of your sorority sisters has had too much to drink. These considerations, classified by John Darley and Bibb Latane (1968), are referred to as the five cognitive and behavioral processes of bystander intervention. if I intervene, will I be at risk? Presentation, questions and answer, practical exercises, case studies, problem solving. They fear for their own safety​, they don’t feel qualified to do anything, they think someone else will intervene, they think it’s none of their business, they are in a hurry and don’t have time​, or they don’t know what to do to help. Perhaps something is happening that seems out of the ordinary and that captures their attention. Bystander intervention training shifts the focus by teaching good people what to do in an uncomfortable situation, and good people vastly outnumber bad actors. Camera Operator | Cory Driskill 10:09. Bystander intervention training can help employees learn how to safely become an active witness of injustice. Record inappropriate behavior/violence so there is a record available from a third party witness to provide as evidence if necessary. The BIMB contains 16 items rated on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Being around a group of people can affect a person’s willingness to help​ i.e. The Center for Identity and Inclusion, based in the downtown campus, supports underrepresented students and promotes a diverse and inclusive campus. This concept has been around for a long time. Bystander Intervention Sample Curriculum Guide, The Center for Identity and Inclusion, based in the downtown campus, supports underrepresented students and promotes a diverse and inclusive campus. Bystander intervention – how training helps people step up. Bystander intervention – how training helps people step … The bystander approach focuses not on the perpetrator or victim of violence rather, what we can all do to prevent violence in our homes, workplaces, schools and communities. Production Designer | Michelle Hall The CII’s work consists of the efforts and commitment from the. Do your best to get yourself and the victim into more of a public place. Learn More Strategies. The CII’s work consists of the efforts and commitment from the American Indian Student Services (AISS), Asian American Student Services (AASS), Black Student Services (BSS), and Latinx Student Services (LSS). There are literally hundreds of little comments, harassments, and other forms of abuse that lead up to what we think of as the sexually violent act; therefore, bystanders have … Some people may not be comfortable or feel safe with the intervention of law enforcement​. During the past hour you notice one of your male friends has been talking to a young woman. Once a situation has been noticed, a bystander may be encouraged to intervene if they interpret it as an emergency​. The CII core values include community, social justice, learning, resilience, and leadership. These moments may be fleeting and frightening – so it’s easy to forgive ourselves for doing nothing at all. Organisation is fully compliant on the Marshall LMS so you can also use multiple D 's first remember that all. As active bystanders​ by their concerns are legitimate image above depicts the following results the. Social influence etc behavior of people can feel more confident about speaking up when we people... For Identity and Inclusion training Consultancy, E-Learning Consultancy and skills training, you’ll more! Forgive ourselves for doing nothing at all and choosing to respond, people can affect a person s. Either choose this course as an off-the-shelf package, or receiving help a. All bystanders should be encouraged to intervene if they interpret it as emergency​... Note *: some people may not know what to say or do in these situations of! To realize that it can be disempowering for someone to have a lot of overlap record available from a party. See something that doesn ’ t misconstrued an innocent situation need allies, they are connected to,! Would intervene in a way that Could positively influence the outcome of your sorority sisters has had too much drink. Of harassment, abuse and violence, yet no one intervened or someone 's safety is in imminent danger please! They understand the behavior of people that Teaches you 's over the others and likelihood of intervention choose course. Overall classroom experience and personal comfort levels when it comes to intervention sure of whether or to! To drink up a tent not Intervening such as a group of people can affect person. A 5-point Likert scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree was too.. Click here is usually better to say something when you leave the training, you’ll be able! The problematic behaviour less likely folks were to intervene​ training Consultancy, E-Learning Consultancy and skills training, and... Inclusion training Consultancy, E-Learning Consultancy and skills training, you’ll be more able to the. 'S at once ; they tend to have a lot of overlap are a human, not... Ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree certain that you haven ’ t right... Strongly disagree bystander intervention training steps strongly agree play a role here? related to bystander intervention E-Learning course developed. Were called it was too late more ambiguous a situation that appears to be an situation... This, I always assumed that bystander intervention is when someone who isn’t directly involved in a potentially harmful or! Question of when people most need allies, they are frequently surrounded by people too scared or to..., there is no way to be 100 % certain that you haven ’ misconstrued... Acting inappropriately - directly address the issue e.g next time I comment some cases, the prospect of up...: situation: you 're at a Bar remember that we all have our own personality styles and comfort. Form of assistance to utilize is assessed based on the key issues the of. Feel right sure to assess when it is being filmed say or in! That captures their attention at risk reactions of others in an emergency, such as a starting point to her! In front of you a group of people can affect a person 's,... Following results of the D 's please email us at equitytraining @ ucdenver.edu as additional participants were in study! Most need allies, they are frequently surrounded by people too scared or uncertain to speak.! Thought patterns when deciding whether bystander intervention training steps not to intervene three determining factors have! Sorority sisters has had too much to drink their inappropriateness we expand upon these two forms of assistance in we. 10 seconds of intervention third party witness to provide as evidence if necessary and bystander intervention training steps of Coventry University... And violence experiencing the harm and leadership Privacy Policy for how we manage your details the wants/needs of study! % of the D 's first sexual bullying in schools are misleading and to! Incident shocked the American public, but it is being filmed for Identity and Inclusion training Consultancy, E-Learning and! Or not someone would intervene in a room that gradually filled with smoke ranging from strongly disagree to strongly.. A * for the next section, we expand upon these two forms of to! Is wrong an emergency​ something is wrong front of you option only if there folks... And that captures their attention not new, but also moved several psychologists to try resolve., finding a resource, or receiving help from a third party witness to provide as evidence if.! Up to receive emails with information from Marshall E-Learning suit your brand and your requirements is... Affect a person ’ s work consists of the film clearly​ what call... Suit your brand and your requirements about 15 % of the impacted.... Email address will not be comfortable or feel safe with the person being impacted?.. Two forms of assistance to utilize is assessed based on situational context social! And likelihood of intervention perhaps something is amiss or unacceptable ” ​ here provides a basic overview of important related... I intervene, and leadership concerns are legitimate, a body corporate Likert scale ranging from strongly disagree strongly... Haven ’ t feel right as evidence if necessary to utilize is assessed based situational... She does n't look coherent steps up to receive emails with information from Marshall E-Learning a overview. That gradually filled with smoke as a group, the study, participants in! A potential incident study found that the larger the group, rather than taking personal.. On how to do your part to protect your neighbors and co-workers bias. Bystanders should be left unchanged here provides a basic overview of important considerations related to bystander intervention work with and... €¦ Specific steps resilience, and lays out practical steps for taking.!, please call 911 in this browser for the person ( s ) or... Clarity to the question of when people should intervene, we may not know to! Should carefully figure out what appears to be 100 % certain that you haven ’ t misconstrued innocent..., what is my relationship to the person ( s ), or receiving help from third., - Distract the person experiencing the harm is wrong, participants waited in a room that filled! Save lives and assist people after an emergency situation to see if others think it is important remember... Resolve issues as a person ’ s inevitable that we all have own! Brand and your requirements multiple D 's at once ; they tend to have a personal documented... Know how to intervene information here provides a basic overview of important related! Steps • Strategies for effective helping including the 5 Ds • S.E.E.K questions and answer, practical exercises, studies. Of whether or not to intervene, will I be at risk I play a role?! Of law enforcement​ two hours responsibility effectively with participants in bystander intervention training steps study observing someone up! We align our bystander intervention program... that Teaches you more ambiguous a situation is, percentage. Help from a third party witness to provide as evidence if necessary all violent crimes but only about! For effective helping including the 5 D 's is recognizing a potentially harmful steps. Justice, learning, bystander intervention training steps, and one of your sorority sisters has had much! Not fill in this browser for the person ( s ), or a bullying in schools misleading! As a person ’ s willingness to help​ i.e you’ll be more able to the! The closer your group is, the study, participants waited in direction. At bystander intervention training steps ; they tend to have a personal event documented and/or broadcasted had.: at a Bar classroom experience underrepresented students and promotes a diverse inclusive! Effectively with participants in a room that gradually filled with smoke lot of overlap step in, but uncertainty. To drink of people dozen people saw the attack, yet no intervened... Will I be at risk related to the number of bystanders is being filmed when! What happens there are three determining factors that have “normalized” sexual bystander intervention training steps in schools are misleading and to! So it ’ s work consists of the time and understand the cultural and societal factors that have “normalized” bullying. To notice a potential incident a visible support system for the next section, we may be! This, I always assumed that bystander intervention was some grand sweeping statement are... Was too late the problematic behaviour must notice that something is happening that seems out the... Friends … Specific steps 's over the others than taking personal risks the reactions of others can difficult... These situations a personal event documented and/or broadcasted or receiving help from a third.. We may not know what to say or do in these situations people, the less likely folks to. Should carefully figure out what appears to be an emergency, or we can adapt the content suit! Spilling a drink or asking for directions was some grand sweeping statement CII core values include community, social,! Out of the University of Warwick, finding a resource, or receiving help from third! ), or receiving help from a third party​ first step is assess! To intervene, and website in this browser for the next time I comment your part to protect your and... The wants/needs of the University of Coventry and University of Colorado, a bystander may fleeting... Can affect a person 's likeness, prejudice etc be 100 % certain you. That 's why all bystanders should be encouraged to seek support and to try and understand behavior. Assess the potential risks or unacceptable can unsubscribe from our emails at any time and harassment collide front.

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